Toxin Academy Courses have been endorsed by WFNR (World Federation for Neurorehabilitation).
Toxin Academy courses are accredited by Swiss Neurological Society.

Course Objectives

  • Review of normal human anatomy of neck, upper limb and lower limb muscles.
  • Muscle structure and relation between structure and muscle function.
  • Functional anatomy, normal and abnormal patterns in spasticity and in dystonia
  • Relation between muscle structure and optimal BTX injection sites
  • Muscle structure modifications in neurologic muscles and consequences.
  • Ultrasonography of normal muscles and pathologic muscles
  • Identification of target muscles with ultrasonography (neck, upper limb and lower limb muscles)
  • Learning how to use and how to optimize ultrasound machine.
  • Compare different injection techniques